The world-wide web can be a great enabler and source of freedom and ability for disabled audiences, giving them the resources to better contribute to society.

The British Ki-aikido Association have made all reasonable adjustments to ensure that this website works well with these assistive technologies to ensure an accessible experience for disabled users.

If you feel there is any way in which we can improve this, please contact us via email on This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

We have provided this Accessibility webpage which will guide users in customising their computers (either by explaining the accessibility features of their operating system or browser, or by introducing them to the range of assistive technologies which are available) to provide them with the most accessible web experience for, not just this website but, all websites.

Note: If this does not work it could be because your computer settings cannot be changed due to local IT policies - contact your local IT support for further help.

Making text larger:

Making text larger in Mozzilla Firefox

Follow these steps to increase or decrease the size of the text for the web page you are viewing:

  • Open the ' View ' menu with the mouse or by press ' Alt ' and ' V ' at the same time.
  • Select the ' Text Size ' option with the mouse or by pressing 'Z' .
  • Increase or decrease the text size with the mouse or by using the up and down arrow keys and pressing ' Enter '.
  • Alternatively you can press ' Ctrl ' and ' + ' to increase the text size, ' Ctrl ' and ' - ' to decrease the text size. ' Ctrl ' and ' 0 ' returns you to the default 'normal' size.

Follow these steps to set a minimum text size for all pages you visit:

  • Open the ' Tools ' menu with the mouse or press ' Alt ' + ' T ' .
  • Click on ' Options', or press ' O ' , to open the Options dialog box.
  • Click the ' Content ' tab or use the arrow keys until it is highlighted (in blue).
  • In the Fonts & Colours box click on ' Advanced ' , or press 'Alt ' + 'D ' , to open the ' Fonts ' dialog box.
  • Click on ' Minimum font size ' box or press 'Alt '+ 'O ' . Use the up and down arrows to select a new font size and press ' Enter'.
  • Click ' OK ' button or press ' Enter ' .
  • Click ' OK ' button or tab to ' OK ' button and press ' Enter '.

Making text larger in Microsoft Internet Explorer

For the first time in Internet Explorer a zoom feature is included which allows you to enlarge the whole browser window. to do this press ' Ctrl ' + ' + ' to increase the zoom and ' Ctrl ' + ' - ' to decrease the zoom. You can also change the text size. The way to do this does depend on how the site has been built.

For many sites you only need to do the following:

  • Open the ' Page ' menu with the mouse or by pressing ' Alt'+'P '.
  • Select the ' Text Size ' option with the mouse or by pressing ' X '.
  • Choose your preferred text size by clicking on it or by using the up and down arrow keys to select it and then press ' Enter ' .
  • The text on the website should now have changed to reflect your choice.

However some websites have fixed the size of their text ('hard-coded') and as a result these websites will not show the change you have just made. If you would like to use larger text on these sites follow the following steps:

  • Click on the ' Tools ' menu with the mouse or press ' Alt '+' O ' .
  • Click on ' Internet Options ' option with the mouse or press ' O ' . You should now see the ' Internet Options ' box
  • Click on the ' Accessibility ' button with the mouse or press ' Alt '+ ' E ' .
  • In the Accessibility box click the ' Ignore font sizes specified on web page ' checkbox to add a tick or press ' Alt '+' Z ' .
  • Click the ' OK ' button to return to the Internet Options box.
  • Click on the ' OK ' button, or press ' Tab ' until ' OK ' is selected and then press ' Enter ' to return to Internet

Making text larger in Opera

Opera can increase the size of images as well as text.

You can quickly increase or decrease the size of both text and graphics using the Keyboard.

Press ' + ' (in some versions you might need to press the ' Shift ' key as well) to increase size and the ' - ' to decrease text size. Each press will increase or decrease the size by 10%.

Alternatively press 'Alt ' + ' V ' to bring up the view menu and then press ' Z ' to bring up the zoom options then use the up and down arrow keys to select the option you want followed by 'Enter'.

However the changes will not be remembered next time you open Opera.

To permanently increase or decrease the size of the text follow these steps:

  • Click on the ' Tools ' menu with the mouse and then click on ' Preferences ' or press ' Ctrl '+ ' F12 ' .
  • Click on the ' Web pages ' tab with the mouse or press ' Ctrl ' + ' Tab ' to cycle through the tabs until ' Web pages ' is selected.
  • Click on the ' Page Zoom ' option box and select your zoom size or press the ' Tab ' key twice to select the page zoom option box and use the up and down arrow keys to select your zoom size.
  • Click the ' OK ' button or press ' Enter ' to return to Opera.

Magnifing the screen in Windows:

Magnifing the screen in Microsoft Windows 95, 98 2000, Me

Open the Window's Magnifier using the following steps:

  • Open the ' Start ' menu by clicking on the ' Start ' button or by pressing the ' Windows ' logo key (located between the ' Ctrl ' + ' Alt ' keys on most keyboards) alternatively press ' Ctrl ' + ' Esc '.
  • Click on ' Programs ' or alternatively press ' P ' on the keyboard until ' Programs ' is highlighted and then press ' Enter '.
  • Click on ' Accessories ' or press ' A ' on the keyboard until ' Accessories ' is highlighted and then press ' Enter '.
  • Click on ' Accessibility ' or if you are using the keyboard, it will already be highlighted so just press ' Enter '.
  • Click on ' Magnifier ' or press ' M ' and when ' Magnifier ' is highlighted, press ' Enter ' on the keyboard.

The magnifier is now turned on and the settings box appears.

You can click in the magnification level box to change the level of magnification, or use the up and down arrow keys.

You can minimise the magnifier settings box by clicking the minimise button or by pressing ' Alt ' + ' Spacebar ' and then press ' N ' .

Magnifing the screen in Microsoft Windows XP

Open the Windows magnifier using the following steps:

  • Open the ' Start ' menu by clicking on the ' Start ' button orby pressing the Windows logo key (located between the ' Ctrl ' and ' Alt ' keys on most keyboards ) alternatively press ' Ctrl ' + ' Esc '.
  • Click on ' Programs ' or alternatively press ' P ' on the keyboard until 'Programs' is highlighted and then ' Enter ' .
  • Click on ' Accessories ' or press ' A ' on the keyboard until ' Accessories ' is highlighted and then press ' Enter ' .
  • Click on ' Accessibility ' or if you are using the keyboard, it will already be highlighted so just press ' Enter ' .
  • Click on ' Magnifier ' or press ' M ' and when ' Magnifier ' is highlighted, press ' Enter ' on the keyboard.

The magnifier is now turned on and the settings box appears.

You can click in the magnification level box to change the level of magnification or use the up and down arrow keys.

You can minimise the magnifier settings box by clicking the minimise button orby pressing ' Alt ' + ' Space ' and then press ' N ' .

Making your mouse pointer easier to see:

Making your mouse pointer easier to see in Windows 95,98,2000, ME

Open the ' Start ' menu by clicking on the ' Start ' button or by pressing the ' Windows ' logo key (located between the ' Ctrl ' + ' Alt ' keys on most keyboards) alternatively press ' Ctrl ' + ' Esc ' .

Click on ' Control Panel ' or press the letter ' C ' on the keyboard.

Double click on ' Mouse ' or press the ' M ' key repeatedly until ' Mouse ' is highlighted and then press ' Enter '. The ' Mouse Properties ' page should be displayed

Making your mouse pointer easier to see in Windows XP

Open the ' Start ' menu by clicking on the ' Start ' button or by pressing the ' Windows ' logo key (located between the ' Ctrl ' + ' Alt ' keys on most keyboards) alternatively press ' Ctrl ' + ' Esc '.

Click on ' Control Panel ' or press the letter ' C ' on the keyboard.

If you see the text ' Pick a category ' as the main title on the page and under the Control Panel title you can see ' Switch to Classic View ' you need to click the ' Switch to Classic View ' (you are currently in 'Category View' ) by clicking on the link or by pressing tab until the ' Switch to Classic View ' is selected and then press ' Enter '.

Once in 'Classic View' double click on ' Mouse ' or press the ' M ' key repeatedly until ' Mouse ' is highlighted and then press ' Enter '.

The ' Mouse Properties ' page should be displayed

Click on the ' Pointer ' tab or press ' Control' + 'Tab ' until the ' Pointer ' tab is at the front.

Underneath ' Scheme ' is a drop down box which contains predefined sets of mouse pointers you can use. Click on this box, or press ' Tab ' until the scheme drop down box is highlighted, and the list appears.

Use the up and down arrow keys on the keyboard to move through the list. As you do so, you will see the pictures changing to reflect the scheme that is highlighted at the time. Some of these sets are labelled as' Large ' , ' Extra Large ' or ' Inverted ' schemes - these are the ones you should try first.

To choose a scheme either click on it or if it is already highlighted press the ' Enter ' key on the keyboard. Click ' OK ' or press ' Enter ' to exit the ' Mouse Properties ' page.

Changing your colours:

Changing your colours in Mozzilla Firefox

  • Click the ' Tools ' menu or press ' Alt' + 'T '.
  • Click ' Options ' or press ' O ' to display the ' Options ' dialog box
  • Click the ' Content ' tab or use the arrow keys until it is highlighted (in blue).
  • Click on ' Colours ' or press ' Alt ' + 'C' to open the ' Colours ' dialog box.

To use your Windows colour scheme settings in Firefox click on the ' Use system colors ' checkbox, or press ' Alt' + 'S' to select it.

  • Next click on 'Allow pages select their own colours, instead of my selections above ' or press 'Alt' + 'A' to deselect it.
  • Click ' OK ' or press ' Enter ' to return to the options dialog box.
  • Click the ' OK ' button, or press ' Tab ' until the ' OK ' button is selected and press ' Enter ' , to return to Firefox.

Alternatively to set text and background colours just for Firefox:

Make sure the ' Use system colors ' checkbox is unchecked by clicking on it if selected or press ' Alt' + 'S' to deselect it if it is selected

For your text colour, click the colour swatch next to the ' Text': heading and click on the colour you want to use, or press ' Alt' + 'T ' to jump to the text colour palette and use the cursor keys to browse the list of colours and then press ' Enter ' to chose the highlighted colour.

For your background colour, click the colour swatch next to the ' Background: ' heading and click on the colour you want to use, or press ' Alt ' + ' B ' to jump to the background colour palette and use the cursor keys to browse the list of colours and then press ' Enter ' to choose the highlighted colour.

Next click on 'Allow pages select their own colours, instead of my selections above ' or press 'Alt ' + 'A' to deselect it.

Changing your colours in Microsoft Internet Explorer 7

  • Open the ' Tools ' menu with the mouse or by pressing ' Alt'+'T ' .
  • Select the ' Internet Options ' option with the mouse or by pressing ' O '.
  • Select the ' Accessibility ' button with the mouse orby pressing ' Alt'+'E '
  • Check the ' Ignore colours specified on web page ' checkbox with the mouse or by pressing ' Alt '+ ' C '

Click the ' OK ' button with the mouse or press ' Enter ' to return to ' Internet Options '.

At this point it might appear than little has happened, but what has changed is the website is now using the colour scheme you have on your computer. If you are happy with the colours you do not need to take any further steps, just click ' OK ' or press ' Enter ' to return to the browser. If however you still need to change the text or background colours on the web page take the following steps:

With the ' Internet Options ' box still open click on the ' Colors ' button or press ' Alt' + ' O '. The default setting is to have the ' Use Windows colors ' option selected, to use your own colours click the box to remove the tick with the mouse or press ' Alt' + 'W '.

Select either the ' Text ' button with the mouse or by pressing ' Alt ' + 'T ' , or the ' Background ' button with the mouse, or by pressing ' Alt ' + ' B '.

Select the colour of your choice with the mouse orby using the arrow keys to highlight it and then pressing ' Spacebar ' to select.

  • Click the ' OK ' button with the mouse or press ' Enter '.
  • Repeat the process of selecting a colour for visited ' Alt ' + ' I ' and unvisited ' Alt ' + ' N ' links if needed.

When you have changed all the colours you want click ' OK ' or press ' Enter ' to return to the ' Internet Options ' box

Click the ' OK ' button with the mouse or press 'Tab' until it is selected and press ' Enter ' once which will return you to Internet Explorer.

Changing your colours in Opera

To choose your own colours in Opera 8 and 9:

Open the ' Tools ' menu and select ' Preferences ' or press ' Ctrl ' + ' F12 '.

Click the ' Web Pages ' tab with the mouse or by pressing the ' Ctrl ' + ' Tab ' keys to cycle through the tabs until ' Web Pages ' is selected.

Select the type of text you want to change the colour of for example ' Normal font ' from the list by clicking it or by pressing ' Tab ' until the font name is selected then ' Spacebar' to open the Font dialog box.

Click on or ' Tab ' to the 'Color' option box and then press ' Spacebar ' to open the colour options.

Click on the colour option you want or use ' Tab ' to focus on the colour and then press ' Spacebar ' to select it.

Click ' OK ' or press ' Tab ' until it is highlighted and press ' Enter ' to return to the ' Preferences ' window.

To change the background colour click in the ' background colour ' box, or press ' Tab ' until it is highlighted and press ' Spacebar ' to display the 'colour picker box'.

Click on the colour option you want or use ' Tab ' to focus on the colour and then press ' Spacebar ' to select it.

Click ' OK ' or press ' Tab ' until it is highlighted and press ' Enter ' to return to the ' Preferences ' window.

The next step is to change setting under the Advanced Tab.

To do this

  • Click the ' Advanced ' tab with the mouse or by pressing the ' Ctrl ' + ' Tab ' keys to cycle through the tabs until 'Advanced ' is selected.
  • Select ' Content ' from the list on the left by clicking on it or press the up and down arrows until it is highlighted in the left pane.
  • Press ' Tab ' until the ' Style options... ' link is selected and then press ' Enter ' to bring up the 'Presentation modes' dialog box
  • Uncheck the 'Page style sheet ' checkboxes under both the ' Author mode ' and ' User mode ' headings either by clicking on the checkboxes or by tabbing to them and pressing the ' Spacerbar ' to deselect them.
  • Uncheck the 'Page fonts and colors ' checkboxes under both the ' Author mode ' and ' User mode ' headings either by clicking on the checkboxes or by tabbing to them and pressing the ' Spacerbar ' to deselect them.
  • Select the ' My fonts and colours ' checkboxes under both the ' Author mode ' and ' User mode ' headings either by clicking on the checkboxes or or by tabbing to them and pressing the ' Spacerbar ' to select them.
  • Click the ' OK ' button with the mouse or ' Tab ' to the ' OK ' button and press ' Enter ' to return to the ' Preferences ' box.
  • Click the ' OK ' button with the mouse or ' Tab ' to the ' OK ' button and press ' Enter ' to return to the web page.
  • Refresh the page by pressing ' F5 '

Using your own style sheets:

Web style sheets such as Cascading style sheets (CSS) give you the flexibility to change the way a web page looks by separating the structure and content of a web page (html) from its design (style sheet).

Unfortunately not all style sheets are designed to make the page look as clear and easy to read possible, so in certain situations you might need to create your own style sheet to override the way a web page looks.
This means with style sheets you can change the colours of text and background to make them clearer as well change the size and font style of text to make them easier to read.

A number of browsers allow you to use style sheets than can override web page settings, below are links to the most popular browsers with instructions for how to use your own style sheet. Internet Explorer and Opera have the best support.

Instructions on how to create a style sheet are outside the scope of this website, but there are a number of free tools available on the web to help you create your own.

Using your own style sheets with Microsoft Internet Explorer

Please note: This page assumes you have already created your own style sheet.

  • Click on the ' Tools ' menu with the mouse or press 'Alt ' + ' T'.
  • Click ' Internet Options ' with the mouse or press ' O ' to bring up the dialog box
  • Click the ' Accessibility ' button or press ' Alt ' + ' E ' to display the ' Accessibility '
  • Click the checkbox next to ' Format documents using my style sheet ' , or press ' Alt ' + ' D ' .
  • Click the ' Browse ' button or press ' Alt ' + ' B ' to display the browse dialog box, allowing you to browse for your style sheet
  • Click on the ' My Documents ' button on the left, or press ' Tab ' until the left sidebar area is highlighted and then select the ' My Documents ' icon with the arrow keys and press ' Enter ' .
  • Scroll along in the list of files and folders and double click the ' My Style ' folder to open it, or press ' Tab ' to enter the file and folder list area, and use the arrow keys to select the ' My Styles ' folder and press ' Enter ' to open it.
  • Double click on the style sheet you wish to open, or press ' Tab ' until it is highlighted and press ' Enter ' to select it and return to the ' Accessibility ' dialog box.
  • Click ' OK ' or press ' Tab ' until the ' OK ' button is highlighted and press ' Enter ' to return to the ' Internet Options ' dialog box.
  • Click ' OK ' or press ' Tab ' until the ' OK ' button is highlighted and press ' Enter ' to return to Internet Explorer.

Using your own style sheets with Opera

To choose your own style sheet in Opera 6 & 7:

Open the ' File ' menu with the mouse or by pressing ' Alt ' + ' F ' .

Select the ' Preferences ' option with the mouse or by pressing ' R ' .

Click on the ' Page style ' heading on the left-hand menu or use the arrow keys to select it.

'Click the drop down box next to ' Default Mode ' , and choose ' User Mode ' from the list, or press ' Tab' until the ' Default mode ' drop down box is highlighted and use the arrow keys to select ' User Mode'.

Click the ' Choose ' button under the ' My Style sheet ' heading, or press ' Tab ' until the button is highlighted and then press ' Enter', to display the browse dialog box

Click on the ' My Documents ' button on the left, or press ' Tab ' until the left sidebar area is highlighted and then select the ' My Documents ' icon with the arrow keys and press ' Enter '.

Scroll along in the list of files and folders and double click the ' My Style ' folder to open it, or press ' Tab ' to enter the file and folder list area, and use the arrow keys to select the ' My Styles ' folder and press ' Enter ' to open it.

Double click on the style sheet you wish to open, or press ' Tab ' until it is highlighted and press ' Enter ' to select it and return to the ' Preferences ' window.

Click ' OK ' , or press 'Tab' until the ' OK ' button is highlighted and press ' Enter' to return to Opera.

Making your computer talk:

Making your mouse pointer easier to see Microsoft Windows Narrator

Many people who have a significant vision or literacy difficulty would benefit from having their computer speak back what they are typing and other text on the screen.

Windows Narrator is a basic screen-reading program. It offers speech feedback for all menus and dialog boxes, Windows Explorer and Notepad but will not speak out a whole Word documents or web page.

Although Windows' Narrator can offer some speech output to help those with a vision impairment or literacy difficulty, it does not allow for the speaking back of chunks of text in your document or web page.

There are a number of text to speech programs that are either commercial, freeware or shareware that allow any text that can be selected with the keyboard or mouse to be spoken back in a range of different voices.

This may be a very valuable facility for someone who needs to give their eyes a rest or who has difficulties with reading.

Please note: Window's Narrator is only available for Windows 2000 and XP.

To start Narrator:

  • Open the ' Start ' menu by clicking on the ' Start ' button or by pressing the Windows logo key (located between the Ctrl and Alt keys on most keyboards), alternatively press ' Ctrl ' + ' Esc ' .
  • Click on ' All Programs ' or alternatively press ' P ' on the keyboard until All Programs is highlighted and then press ' Enter ' .
  • Click on ' Accessories ' or press ' A ' on the keyboard until ' Accessories ' is highlighted and then press ' Enter ' .
  • Click on ' Accessibility ' or if you are using the keyboard, it will already be highlighted so just press ' Enter '.
  • Click on ' Narrator ' or press' N ' until ' Narrator' is highlighted and then press ' Enter '.
  • The ' Microsoft Narrator ' window will then appear and ' Narrator ' immediately starts talking and reads out the instructions on how to use this feature.
  • After clicking on the ' OK ' button or pressing ' Enter ' , another window appears which has various options which you can select by clicking on the checkbox or tabbing to the checkbox and pressing the ' Spacebar ' .

You can also adjust the voice settings from here by clicking on the ' Voice ' button or pressing ' V ' on the keyboard.

More information and useful links:

For vision impairment:

www.abilitynet.org.uk

The AbilityNet website has information, factsheets and step-by-step guides on approaches and technology to help with vision impairment.

www.bcab.org.uk

The British Computer Association of the Blind is a self-help group of visually impaired computer professionals and users. This website contains a lot of useful IT-related information.

other useful sites:

www.rnib.org.uk

The Royal National Institute of the Blind website includes a wealth of information on all aspects of vision impairment, including computer access and other technologies

http://www.rnib.org.uk/information-everyday-living-using-technology-computers-and-tablets/technology-training-and-support

This is the links page on the RNIB website and is a comprehensive list of UK vision related organisations, access technology suppliers and trainers.